The reprap project self-replicating open-source 3d printing #reprap @reprapltd @adrianbowyer #ohm2019 #oshwa @ohsummit #opensource #opensourcehardware @opensourceorg
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The RepRap Venture Self-Replicating Open-Supply 3D Printing #reprap @reprapltd @AdrianBowyer #OHM2019 #oshwa @ohsummit #opensource #opensourcehardware @opensourceorg

In March of 2005, the primary entry on the RepRap weblog was posted. There’s one thing about March of 2005, there have been numerous open-source efforts kicking off that month and that 12 months. There was one undertaking particularly that helped begin all of the open-source 3D printers, and that was the RepRap undertaking.

What’s the RepRap undertaking? From Wikipedia.…

The RepRap undertaking began in England in 2005 as a College of Bathtub initiative to develop a low-cost 3D printer that may print most of its personal elements, however it’s now made up of a whole lot of collaborators world vast. RepRap is brief for replicating fast prototyper.

As an open design, the entire designs produced by the undertaking are launched beneath a free software program license, the GNU Normal Public License.

Because of the capacity of the machine to make a few of its personal elements, authors envisioned the potential for low cost RepRap items, enabling the manufacture of advanced merchandise with out the necessity for in depth industrial infrastructure. They meant for the RepRap to display evolution on this course of in addition to for it to extend in quantity exponentially. A preliminary research claimed that utilizing RepRaps to print frequent merchandise ends in financial financial savings.

RepRap was based in 2005 by Dr Adrian Bowyer, a Senior Lecturer in mechanical engineering on the College of Bathtub in England. Funding was obtained from the Engineering and Bodily Sciences Analysis Council.

Reprap1Page

There’s a RepRap wiki and about web page with much more particulars… And a one pager’ PDF (mirror).

Who’s Dr Adrian Bowyer MBE? From the Dr’s about web page…

I did a primary diploma in mechanical engineering at Imperial Faculty in 1973, after which did a PhD in tribology there.

In 1977 I moved to Bathtub College’s Division of Mathematical Sciences to do analysis in stochastic computational geometry.

I then spent a number of years as the top of Bathtub’s Microprocessor Unit in what’s now Bathtub College Computing Companies.

In 1984 I took up a lectureship in manufacturing in Bathtub’s Division of Mechanical Engineering and was subsequently promoted to senior lecturer. I retired in 2012 to focus on the RepRap Venture and my firm RepRap Ltd.

My foremost areas of analysis are geometric modelling and geometric computing on the whole (I’m one of many creators of the Bowyer-Watson algorithm for Voronoi diagrams), the appliance of computer systems to manufacturing, the creation of sensible hydrophilic-polymer gels utilizing affinity interactions, and the engineering use of biology, referred to as Biomimetics.  In Biomimetics I work on self-copying and self-assembly in engineering.

I’m the originator of the worldwide RepRap Venture – a undertaking that has created humanity’s first common objective self-replicating manufacturing machine. It really works utilizing 3D printing. I’m additionally a founder and director of RepRap Ltd – an organization shaped to do analysis and improvement in self-replicating open-source 3D Printing.

In Might 2017 I obtained the 3D Printing Trade Excellent Contribution to 3D Printing Award.

In September 2017 I used to be inducted into the 3D Printing Corridor of Fame.

Within the New 12 months’s Honours Listing for 2019 Her Majesty the Queen kindly awarded me an MBE for providers to 3D printing.

Here’s a time lapse of Dr Adrian Bowyer assembling the primary RepRap “Darwin” 11 years in the past… There’s additionally a Wikipedia entry, GitHub, and private web site.

Discuss: “Manufacturing For The Plenty” by Dr. Adrian Bowyer (2017) – YouTube.

Because the RepRap undertaking has numerous contributors and historical past, I attempted to discover a full detailed historical past of the undertaking from Dr Adrian Bowyer, and it seems there may be one on ALL3DP “The Official Historical past of the RepRap Venture”. MakerBot, LulzBot, Prusa, and extra… All acquired their begins with the RepRap undertaking –

2 February 2004
RepRap invented.

23 March 2005
The RepRap weblog is began and analysis begins.

Summer time 2005
Funding for preliminary improvement on the College of Bathtub of £20,000 is obtained from the UK’s Engineering and Bodily Sciences Analysis Council.

13 September 2006
The RepRap zero.2 prototype efficiently prints the primary a part of itself, which is subsequently used to exchange an equivalent half initially created by a industrial 3D printer.

9 February 2008
RepRap 1.zero “Darwin” efficiently makes not less than one occasion of over half its complete rapid-prototyped elements.

14 April 2008
Probably the primary end-user merchandise is made by a RepRap: a clamp to carry an iPod securely to the dashboard of a Ford Fiesta.

29 Might 2008
Inside a couple of minutes of being assembled, the primary accomplished “little one” machine makes the primary half for a “grandchild” on the College of Bathtub, UK.

23 September 2008
It’s reported that not less than 100 copies have been produced in varied international locations. The precise variety of RepRaps in circulation at the moment is unknown.

30 November 2008
First documented “within the wild” replication happens. Replication is accomplished by Wade Bortz, the primary person outdoors of the builders’ group to supply an entire set for one more individual.

2 October 2009
The second era design, referred to as “Mendel”, prints its first half. The Mendel’s form resembles a triangular prism quite than a dice.

January 2009
MakerBot Industries is based by RepRap volunteers and others to promote 3D printers primarily based on RepRap which are open-source, however usually are not self-replicating. MakerBot was the primary firm primarily based on RepRap.

13 October 2009
RepRap 2.zero “Mendel” is accomplished.

27 January 2010
The Foresight Institute declares the “Kartik M. Gada Humanitarian Innovation Prize” for the design and development of an improved RepRap. The administration of the prize is later transferred to Humanity+.

31 August 2010
The third era design, “Huxley”, is formally named. Growth relies on a miniaturized model of the Mendel with 30% of the unique print quantity.

January 2011
Aleph Objects based to supply open-source LulzBot 3D printers primarily based on RepRap. The variety of RepRap-based corporations making 3D-printers grows.

2011/2012
RepRap and RepStrap constructing and utilization are growing inside the know-how, gadget, and engineering communities. RepRaps or industrial derivatives have been featured in lots of mainstream media sources, and are on the everlasting watch lists of such know-how media as Wired and a few influential engineering-professionals’ information media.

Late 2012
The primary Delta RepRap design, Rostock, is in improvement. Delta machines use a non-Cartesian axis design.

July 2013
The Gada Prize is awarded to RepRap Morgan, designed by Quentin Harley.

12 Might 2015
The Dollo self-replicating 3D printer with a really excessive proportion of self-replicated elements is launched by Ben and Benjamin Engel.

eight September 2015
RepRap Snappy is launched by Revar Desmera of the Bay Space RepRap Person Group. Just like the Dollo it has a really excessive proportion of self-printed elements (73%) and meeting is achieved by clipping these elements collectively versus utilizing nuts and bolts.

January 2016
RepRapPro (certainly one of many industrial RepRap corporations, however one based by Adrian Bowyer and others) introduced on their web site that they had been to stop buying and selling. The explanation given was congestion of the marketplace for low-cost 3D printers derived from the RepRap Venture and the shortcoming to develop in that market.

800Px-Mulbot

The newest addition to this listing I’ll add right here continues on the self-replication vibe that began all of it, in March 2019, the Mulbot, a RepRap, an open supply Principally Printed 3D printer was revealed (video).

Open supply month @ Adafruit:

The primary 2 orders at Adafruit… now as much as 2,161,166 orders – Day 13, 10/13/2019.
Photographs of the primary Arduino (2005) – Day 12, 10/12 2019.
In 2010 there have been 13 Open Supply corporations that had been making $1 million or extra… – Day 11, 10/11/2019
Opening 2010 at Eyebeam in NYC – Day 10, 10/10/2019.
The Open Supply Present Information, the early years – Day 9, 10/9/2019 (posted it on 10/10/2019, whoops)
Earlier than the iPhone, earlier than the Raspberry Pi, earlier than Amazon Echo Present, there was Chumby – Day eight, 10/eight/2019.
Mitch Altman Open-source pioneer – Day 7, 10/7/2019.
The Open Supply emblem(s) – Day 6, 10/6/2019.
Open Supply occasions all month lengthy, EVENTS! – Day 5, 10/5/2019.
Open Supply Certifications and extra! – Day four, 10/four/2019.
Teuthis Open Supply MP3 Participant 2001 – Daisy by Raphael Abrams – Day three, 10/three/2019.
What’s the Open-Supply Definition? – Day 2, 10/2/2019.
Open summit – Limor “Ladyada” Fried keynote 2010 – Day 1, 10/1/2019.

Ohm

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